NASA announced Thursday that it has established a study group that will analyze Unidentified Aerial Phenomena (UAPs) beginning this fall to advance “scientific understanding” of potential findings as well as data collection and use. future.

The objective of this independent study on the UAP, a concept which has supplanted the denomination UFO (Unidentified Flying Object), because it has become obsolete, is based on “the observation of events in the sky which cannot be identified as aircraft or known natural phenomena”. from a scientific point of view.

The limited number of UAP observations “makes it difficult to draw scientific conclusions about the nature of such events,” NASA said in a statement, adding that these unidentified phenomena in the atmosphere “are both a safety concern national and air”.

In this context, “establishing which events are natural constitutes a key first step in identifying or mitigating these phenomena (…) and “ensuring the safety of aircraft”.

In any case, the US government space agency said “there is no evidence that UAPs are of extraterrestrial origin.”

“NASA believes the tools of scientific discovery are powerful and apply here as well,” said Thomas Zurbuchen, associate administrator for science at NASA Headquarters in Washington.

Zurbuchen explained that there is access to a wide range of Earth observations from space, and “it is the cornerstone of scientific research”.

“We have the tools and the equipment that can help us improve our understanding of the unknown. That’s the very definition of what science is. That’s what we do,” said the scientist.

The agency recalled that “it is not part of the United States Department of Defense’s Unidentified Aerial Phenomena Task Force,” nor its successor, the Airborne Object Identification and Management Synchronization Group.

However, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, better known as NASA, has a close relationship with the US government regarding “how to apply the tools of science to shed light on the nature and origin of unidentified aerial phenomena. “.

The space agency’s independent study team will be led by astrophysicist David Spergel, president of the Simons Foundation in New York, and Daniel Evans, deputy administrator for research at NASA’s Science Mission Directorate.

“Given the paucity of observations, our first task is simply to collect the strongest dataset possible,” Spergel said.

The study, which will be supported by expert advice, is expected to last approximately nine months.

“In accordance with NASA’s principles of transparency and scientific integrity, this report will be shared publicly,” added Evans, who assured that “all NASA data is publicly available.”

“We take this obligation seriously and make it (the data) readily available to anyone to view or study,” he insisted.

Although unrelated to this new study, NASA has an astrobiology program that focuses on the origins, evolution, and distribution of life beyond Earth.

From studying water on Mars to exploring promising “ocean worlds” like Titan and Europa, NASA science missions are working together to find signs of life beyond Earth.

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