The 30 km wide crater is located in Aonia Terra, a mountainous region in the south of the red planet. Around it are several channels where water would have passed 3,500 to 4,000 million years ago.
the space mission “Mars-Express” of the European Space Agency (ESA, for its acronym in English) has published new images of a crater discovered on the surface of Mars which surprises with its disturbing resemblance to that of a huge human eye.
This particular cavity, about 30 kilometers wide and not yet given an official name, has a large patch of dark matter inside. Similarly, we can see that it is surrounded by various meandering channels.
These channels, as detailed by the space agency, which bear a resemblance to the veins found around the human eyeball, were likely carrying liquid water by the surface of the red planet between about 3,500 and 4,000 million years ago.
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The geological formations of the region
The unnamed eye crater is located in the region of Aonia Terra, an area composed of several hills that were probably shaped in the past by the passage of water, wind and ice. Also, their different colors imply that there may be different materials in the area.
Unlike the rest of the Martian surface, which is dominated by a warm red, gray-brown material can be seen near and inside the crater. It is a field of dark dunes that rests on a lighter surface.
Looking inside in more detail, astronomers discovered that the crater is full of hills and cone-shaped ridges, which would show that several different materials also accumulated there.
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The crater region
The mountainous region of Aonia Terra, located in the south of the planet, is known for its impressive craters. There is the Lowell crater, about 200 kilometers wide, which is thought to have formed nearly four billion years ago during the period of the “late heavy bombardment” of the solar system, when a large number of asteroids collided with the planets rocky.
The “Mars Express” mission has been orbiting the Red Planet since 2003, taking images of the planet’s surface, mapping its minerals, identifying the composition and circulation of its atmosphere, probing beneath its crust and exploring how various phenomena interact in the Martian environment.
ESA astronomers They suggest that the images captured in these types of places could help scientists better understand the geology, its composition, the evolution and the future of the planet Mars.
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